The following complications may occur during of pregnancy:
Back pain A common complication, particularly in the third trimester when the patient's center of gravity has shifted.
Constipation Caused by decreased bowel motility secondary to elevated progesterone (normal in pregnancy), which can lead to greater absorption of water.
Contractions Occasional, irregular, painless contractions that occur several times per day are normal and are known as Braxton Hicks contractions. These contractions are usually caused by moderate or severe dehydration.
Dehydration Caused by expanded intravascular space and increased Third Spacing of Fluids
Edema Caused by compression of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and pelvic veins by the uterus leads to increased hydrostatic pressure in lower extremities.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Caused by: relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and increased transit time in the stomach (normal in pregnancy)
Hemorrhoids Caused by increased venous stasis and IVC compression leading to congestion in venous system along with increased abdominal pressure secondary to constipation.
Pica Unexplained cravings for nonedible items such as dirt or clay. Commonly, patients will be placed on ice chips to chew on instead of these nonedible items.
Lower abdominal pain Caused by rapid expansion of the uterus and stretching of ligaments such as the round ligament.
Increased urinary frequency Caused by increased intravascular volume, elevated GFR (glomerular filtration rate), and compression of the bladder by the expanding uterus.
Varicose veins Caused by relaxation of the venous smooth muscle and increased intravascular pressure.
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Information on this website has been sourced from Wikipedia contributors. Pregnancy. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. www.wikipedia.org