A nursery rhyme is a traditional song or poem taught to children (originally in the nursery). Learning nursery rhymes assists in the development of vocabulary and other skills such as counting. An example of a counting rhyme is One Two Buckle My Shoe. Rhymes also introduce children to the enjoyment music brings along with actions and/or dances.
Hey Diddle Diddle is a popular nursery rhyme. Many cultures feature children's songs that are passed down from one generation to the next (either from parent to child, or from older kids to younger children). In the English language, the term nursery rhyme often refers to those of European origin, and the best known examples are English and originated in or after the 17th century. Rhyme origins were possibly a form of oral political cartoon and come from an era when free speech could have the speaker imprisoned. Nursery rhymes are often violent in nature, for example, in Jack and Jill, Jack fell down and "Broke his crown"- meaning breaking his skull. Other nursery rhymes are substantially older. Sing a Song of Sixpence exists in written records going back as far as the Middle Ages. Arguably the most famous collection of nursery rhymes is that of Mother Goose. Some well known nursery rhymes originated in the United States of America, such as Mary had a little lamb
A chapbook was the term used for a small booklet ranging from a few pages up to a couple of dozen . They generally included content relating to political tracts, religious tracts, nursery rhymes, poems, short tales, children's stories and works of popular literature. Chapbooks were in circulation from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. By the nineteenth century printers had started issuing many chapbooks as uncut sheet that where folded with no covers or bindings (stitching).
Before eighteen hundred few of these chapbooks written for children, however after around eighteen hundred this changed and more chapbooks where produced for children. These often contained nursery rhymes, or told the tale and history of well known nursery rhymes such as Simple Simon, The House That Jack Built, Mother Hubbard and Cock Robin. It has been said that chapbooks were the comic books of their day.
While ancient people certainly didn’t have many of the basic conveniences that we have today, they were equally prone as modern people, to learning curves in their formative years, and boredom. Art and novelty were likely to have been a part of human life since time immemorial, not merely a sign of developed times.
Archaeologists discovered a figurine of a miniature horse toy on wheels, in a tomb dated 900 B.C. It remains on display at the Kerameikos Archaeological Museum in Athens. It’s not so far-fetched to consider that it might have been a child’s toy. Childhood may be a relatively new social norm, but as far back as Ancient Greece, there have been records of young girls leaving their toys at the temple of Artemis upon marriage. This sacrifice of their toys symbolized their willingness to leave their childhood behind and enter adulthood.
A Nursery Rhyme or lullaby is a soothing song that is usually sung to children before they go to sleep, however a lullaby can be sung at any time. Lullabies originated in the late 1300s in England. The concept behind a lullaby was that the song sung by a familiar voice will lull the child to sleep. Lullabies where often written by classical composers are often given the form-name berceuse, which is French for lullaby (or cradle song).
Songs are relatively short musical composition for the human voice (commonly accompanied by other musical instruments), which generally features words / lyrics. The words of songs are often of a poetic, rhyming nature, although they may be free prose or religious verse. Songs are broadly divided into many different forms, depending on the criteria used. One division is between art songs, popular music songs, and folk songs.